Modern Greenhouse Farming: A Green Door to the Future


What is the secret to a perfect greenhouse? Technology and the right air conditioning, of course. In modern greenhouse cultivation, providing ideal climatic conditions is essential for the healthy and productive growth of plants. This is why automated state-of-the-art greenhouses stand out as the future of agriculture. In this article, we will detail how the key components of greenhouse air conditioning – heating, cooling, humidification and CO2 fertilization – work as a whole and how these processes are optimized in greenhouses.

Heating Winter Sun for Greenhouses

Heating in greenhouses is critical for plants to continue in cold weather conditions without affecting their growth rate. In modern greenhouses, it performs the heating process using renewable energy sources such as geothermal energy. This is both energy efficient and minimizes environmental impact.

Cooling Cool Refuge in Summer

High temperatures can create stress in greenhouses and negatively affect plant health. In modern greenhouses, integrated cooling systems take these temperatures under control. Cooling systems keep plants healthy by keeping the interior at the ideal temperature, even during heat waves.

Moisturizing: Water of Life

Water is vital for plants and the right humidity level allows plants to grow faster and healthier in greenhouses. High-pressure humidification systems provide a homogeneous moisture distribution in the greenhouse, allowing water to be used more efficiently by plants.

CO2 Fertilization: Breathing Green

Carbon dioxide (CO2) is essential for plants to photosynthesize. Modern greenhouses automatically adjust the CO2 level inside the greenhouse with CO2 dosing systems. This increases the growth rate of plants and maximizes crop yields.

These integrated systems are critical factors that increase the productivity of a greenhouse and ensure that plants grow in ideal conditions. Modern greenhouses equipped with advanced technology are the cornerstones of not only today’s agricultural world but also of tomorrow’s agricultural world. While effective greenhouse air conditioning techniques pave the way for sustainable agriculture, they also bring along an environmentally sensitive approach.

These details show that greenhouse farming is not only about soil and water; it also requires technology and the right management skills. Modern greenhouse farming offers an approach that is both environmentally friendly and economically efficient. The success of high-tech greenhouses in climate control makes them not only a place of production, but also a laboratory where agricultural technology advances.

The agricultural sector in Turkey is undergoing a significant evolution with the transition to modern greenhouse techniques. Innovative methods, such as high-tech vertical greenhouse systems, offer eight times more productivity than traditional methods, showing great potential in this area. Currently, this type of greenhouse is still in the early stages of development in Turkey, but in the next 15 to 20 years, modern greenhouses are expected to offer a significant investment opportunity in Turkey.

Turkey is experiencing an important transition in modern greenhouse cultivation thanks to technological advances and investment incentives. In the coming periods, these modern techniques are expected to be used in a wider area and agricultural production capacity is expected to expand. These developments will contribute significantly to sustainable agricultural practices by increasing production efficiency and support the overall success of the sector.

Modern greenhouse air conditioning systems
Akdeniz University Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture

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